What is Skin Pigmentation?
Skin pigmentation is any condition that causes darkening of a general or specific areas of skin. This can range from birthmarks that are found from a young age, to age spots that develop when older.
There is a specific type of pigment found in our skin called Melanin. Parts of our body such as our hair, eyes, skin color are all determined by the Melanin content inside them. When melanin production in our skin becomes altered, it might cause pigmentary conditions. In general, people who have fairer skin tend to have a lower melanin content in their skin, while people who have darker skin tend to produce more melanin. This is why pigmentary conditions tend to be more common, harder to treat, and also more recurrent in darker skin individuals.
With pigmentation treatment, it is usually important to rule out dangerous skin conditions before starting treatment, specifically melanoma which is a cancerous condition.